During the middle ages, there were environmental deviations from the norm. We have typically referred to them as a mini ice age. I’m going to talk about a couple of them which we know about in the recorded history of Europe. One of which is from a story in the lore of Asatru. In around 320 a Swedish king, Domaldr Visburrsson was sacrificed. For three long years, his kingdom had endured multiple failures of agriculture. Famine and his companions became common guests in the villages of this kingdom. Most certainly death made itself well known in this hard time. This was not what we know as the Middle Ages, these were the Dark Ages.
The council of chieftains came together in response to the hard times the people were facing. They resolved to sacrifice oxen. This is a great sacrifice indeed in a country suffering the failure of agriculture and hunger. The second year they sacrificed men, an even more powerful sacrifice. One which speaks to the desperation of the people that the best efforts of men who could work the fields might be better employed to entreat the gods on their behalf. In the third year, it was decided in the most crucial of times that the king himself should seek the gods on behalf of his people and he was sacrificed. Following this. the country returned to prosperity. 200 years later we find a similar tale. And we also find a reason for it.
The little ice age cooling of the 6th century. Between 536 and 544 CE, there is a record of a dramatic atmospheric event which caused severe hardship upon the inhabitants of Northern Europe. Couple that with Saxon invasions. People seeking new resources of their own during this time and you have a great need for a hero. This information was first given to us in the great Arthurian myths penned in around 830 CE by the monk Nennius. He records this legend of King Arthur and the Grail Quest and it is here along with Beowulf that we find the evidence of monotheism poisoning the well so to speak.
The grail quest was a quest to heal the king and the land. Both had been suffering. The king had a wound which would not heal. The land was suffering as well. For weeks at a time the sun would not shine. Clouds covered the sky and crops could not grow. It was a cold time. A time of hunger and the loss of crops. Famine and weakness befell the kingdom. The stories do not become prominent in the written record until over 300 years after they were coined by Nennius. This is the time when the great cathedrals were under construction and Adam of Bremen had begun his legendary collection of writings. About 1130 to 1280 these stories about Arthurian days were fully fleshed out as stories to cement the transition from wounded pagans to whole and healthy Christians. They were committed to paper and became legend.
You see, the land had succumbed to blight, it had become a wasteland. The feeling that they needed divine intercession was capitalized upon. He was sick and in decline, and the land reflected that. If one were to take an honest look at society, one might be tempted to conclude that it is a wasteland every time you step outside your front door. Be that as it may, men were at the mercy of the environment and there were no Gods stepping forth to change it for them this time. The honor of a king sacrificing himself might have been a thing of the past by now. But it was a perfect time for King to sell out to the conquering faith.
But let’s take a look at the environment of that time Dendrochronologists have studied this time and during the grail quest for 8 or 10 years, Mike Bailey has shown that serious global cooling was occurring and as a result tree growth stopped. Weeks at a time the sun was not visible. There were multiple collapses of harvests. The people were malnourished. Then famine set in. People developed weakened immune systems and the luxuries of ancient civilizations such as running water fell by the wayside. As a result, in 542 CE we see the eruption of disease in the form of the Justinian plague. Cold, the collapse of agriculture and then plague.
It took Europe 300 years to recover from that. The medieval warm period around 900 Ad allowed the sea ice began to retract and the sea lanes opened again. The peoples of Northern Europe took advantage of this with sailing routes to Greenland, Iceland, Great Britain and the Americas. Agriculture rebounded. With a surplus of food, economies began to strengthen. When a society has lots of food, people increased in height 4 or 5 inches from the dark ages.
Now there was wealth and the population expanded. After 150 years of warmth. European society began building cathedrals, thousands of well-trained craftsmen worked on this activity. All of this shows up in a geologic instant. Who organized this? Who trained the craftsman? This glorious consequence of the expansion of wealth from warm weather. Christianity took advantage of this unique and very cyclical occurrence and has long been hailed as the savior of Europe. And then it stopped. In the early 1300’s. At that time was the onset of the little ice age. Once again, we have an agricultural lapse, famine and finally, the black plague strikes wiping out another 1/3rd of Europe.
The sad thing is that when these plagues strike they affect two parts of a society. The young and the old. The old possess the knowledge of how to train the young. Who knows what very valuable information we may have lost from the devastating effects of a plague-ridden Europe. That concept, of a society passing down the necessary info which made it great, which allowed it to survive such events, is crucial to everything in this book. In all of these instances, there is evidence of a comet, changing the atmosphere of the planet. The ancient people referred to these comets and meteorites as “hailstones”. What your understanding of the ruin Hagalaz is, is about to change. If you consider Solar Flares and Volcanoes, one begins to see how tenuous our grip to life on this planet truly is.
This type of cycle occurred in other areas of the world as well. While everyone is aware of the fall of Rome around 456 AD. few people are cognizant of the fall of Egypt in 1177 or 1186 depending on the archeologist you speak with. The standard line has always been that it was the sea peoples. But new studies done by Eric Kline in his book 1177 points out that there were several civilizations alongside Egypt which created a world economy. As this trade route was interrupted there are written records of what happened. A drought which lasted 300 years. There is also evidence of a comet strike near southern modern-day Iraq. The sea-peoples’ invaders were actually refugees. These boats were filled with families as well as warriors. As the Minoans, Canaanites, Hittites and many others fell by the wayside, other city-states began to rise. Egypt, though, never truly recovered. The trade route for tin from Afghanistan and copper from Turkey fell into disuse and wasn’t truly recovered until Alexander the great 1100 years later.
If we go back even further in time to the reign of Akhenaten, with his Grand Vizier Thutmoses, (who we know as Moses, which means “son of”) we see in documents literally around the world of a red disc in the sky with 10 tails beaming down at the planet. From China to Egypt, there are written records of a light in the sky brighter than the moon and rivaling the sun. This coincides with the birth of monotheism. And when Akhenaten freed a group of people who were Semites and the volcano at Santorini erupted, you have a ready-made case for monotheism to stick as it were. Such was the birth of Judeo-Christian belief.
In the meantime, further north, one great king of Sweden began to gather his copper from Michigan and his Tin from Cornwall. This was beautifully written out on a rock from the bronze age in Canada at Peterborough. In Serbia, there has been a copper axe head found dated to 7500 BCE. Where do you suppose that material came from? A world economy indeed. You see, there is a big picture. It is a much bigger picture than we currently imagine.
For centuries, mankind has struggled to focus in on this kaleidoscope of information. A whirling pattern of pertinent information from the latest scientific or religious evidence concerning life on earth. Yet the lens with which this effort has been viewed is of the wrong integrity. It is a grainy and tinted lens forged in the fires of men’s egos and the righteous indignation of monotheistic belief. They tell us we needn’t even bother to look.
The answers to our questions, the remedy for this wholesale loss of our history, as a species, is to be found in our mythology. Perhaps the concept is encapsulated in the rune Ansuz. Our ancestral knowledge. For the follower of Asatru, Lif and Lifthrasir are represented as our lore. For us to understand the dynamic information which will shatter the foundations of a world we have largely left behind; it is of the utmost importance that we view it all as a people who practice the faiths which make the world around us sacred again. We will not survive the future falls of civilizations with this very valuable body of learning intact, or ourselves and way of life, if we do not.
Because the evidence is very powerful that time and again this planet and the peoples on it have had to rebuild from disasters of cosmic proportion. But what if they could not? What if the impact was severe enough that more than one civilization was wiped out and important technologies seemingly lost? The comet impact of the Younger Dryas provides just such an occurrence. And it does so in the foundation of archeological thought.
At the end of the last Glacial maximum roughly 12800 YA there was a sudden warming, followed by a sudden cooling that threw us right back into a period of glaciation 11,300 YA. All over the Earth, there is evidence that a comet struck the Laurentide ice sheet. The strike literally wiped out anything which might have existed in 6 western states. It caused Lake Bonneville to create the Snake River Canyon, it caused the Veles volcanic crater to fill up and burst its caldera wall. The impact on the Laurentide Ice sheet created a tidal wave of ice full of gigantic boulders and water which swept across the Pacific Northwest. Evidence suggests that this was a tidal wave of debris reaching up to 1250’ high. The debris trail of boulders as big as houses have been left there like the ring in an old bathtub. Similar Events were occurring in the Dakotas and present-day Minnesota from the same comet. New evidence from The Woods Hole Oceanic Institute shows that similar amount of fresh water flowed into the Arctic ocean and disrupted the oceanic warming mechanisms for the planet, the Gulf Stream for one. The sea levels rose 400’ and any evidence of civilization over 10 million sq. miles of coastline was eradicated. That’s the size of China and Europe. Imagine what might be found there. Life became a cheap commodity in the face of such a cosmic event. 35 genera went extinct on the North American continent, including the Clovis culture. At the same time all this is happening, there are continent-wide wildfires burning everything down. Above every Clovis culture site, there is a layer of black created by the ash of this fire.
If you consider the Solutrean Hypothesis, where Europeans migrated across the North Atlantic, you end up with an archeological argument that has no real reason to justify this movement of people. The economy might be one, but it is much more likely that the Solutrean Hypothesis is backwards. It is a group of refugees fleeing a continent-wide destruction on a level we might only see in a movie. Hopefully.
Most major cities are located at the mouths of rivers. Some of these people would have been out at sea. Engaging in the fishing or sailing of a trade route when these disastrous occurrences reshaped the futures of all men. These are the individuals who would have survived. They would have carried the legends which were most important to them, forward in time.
Look at this list and timeline of comet impacts on planet earth in recent history and consider some of the changes I’ve referenced above.
THE 14,300 BC STRIKE 16,300 YA
THE 12,945 BC STRIKE – 14,945 YA
THE 11,600 BC STRIKE – 13,600 YA
THE 11,000 BC STRIKE- 13,000 YA
THE 10,600 BC STRIKE – 12,600
THE 9,600 BC STRIKE – 11,600 YA
THE 8,300 BC STRIKE – 10,300 YA
THE 7,800 BC STRIKE – 9,800 YA
THE 6,800 BC STRIKE – 8,800 YA
THE 6,200 BC STRIKE – 8,200 YA
THE 5,600 BC STRIKE – 7,600 YA
THE 5,000 BC STRIKE – 7,000 YA
THE 4,500 BC STRIKE – 6,500 YA
THE 3,500 BC STRIKE – 5,500 YA
THE 3,000 BC STRIKE – 5,000 YA
THE 2,350 BC STRIKE – 4,350 YA
THE 1,600 BC STRIKE – 3,600 YA
THE 1,200 BC STRIKE – 3,200 YA (Birth of Monotheism)
THE 200 BC STRIKE – 2,200 YA
THE 500 AD STRIKE – 1,500 YA
THE 1,000 AD STRIKE – 1,000 YA
THE 1,500 AD STRIKE – 500 YA
Given the sheer volume of these impacts and the catastrophic damage, each impact has caused, it may well be time to re-examine the entirety of what we think the rune Hagalaz means or all of them for that matter. The 200 BC comets were referred to by the Romans as an issue with hailstones. The Runes provide us a clue that they are a pattern for negotiating life. Lif and Lifthrasir are examples of how we should be in order to use them. Separated from the nonsense of this world. But this is not meant in the same misunderstood mindset of “deny yourself” such as Christians promote it. Quite the opposite. It means we must build ourselves. Later in the book, I devote three chapters to how this is done and how it is not done using three 4 different Lays from the Prose Edda.
The second chapter points out where this was all recorded in the Voluspa.